Relationship between anthropometric, physiological and physical characteristics with success of female taekwondo athletes

1.778 557


The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between anthropometric, physiological and physical characteristics with success of elite female taekwondo athletes. Forty subjects were selected from elite female taekwondo athletes who won medals in regional and national championships. Individual information forms were completed. The mean age, height and body mass index of subjects were 17.84±3.67 years, 167.56±6.92 cm and 19.12±2.45 kg/m2 respectively. All subjects were assessed for height, weight, lengths, girths, body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio and skin-fold thickness. Percentage of body fat was calculated from the sum of 3 site measurements of skin-fold thickness. Aerobic and anaerobic power were also calculated using by cooper and Sargent vertical jump tests respectively and then by placing into the standard recommended equations. Speed, agility, muscular endurance and flexibility were assessed using by 36m sprint, 4×9m shuttle run, push-ups and sit-and-reach tests respectively. From all of anthropometric, physiological and physical characteristics, anaerobic and aerobic power, body mass index and fat percentage, speed and agility were significantly related to success and had more importance for taekwondo athletes. Thus, these characteristics have a major effect on taekwondo specially, in championship goals and should be considered in talent identification and training planning of this sport.


Success; taekwondo; anthropometry; bio-motor characteristics

Full Text:




Anderson GS. A comparison of predictive tests of aerobic capacity. Canadian Journal of Sport Science, 1995; 11(4): 13-22.

Birrer RB. Trauma epidemiology in the Martial Arts: The result of an eighteen-year international survey. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 1996; 24: S-72-79.

Bompa T. Periodization training for sport. Human Kinetics.1999.

Bourgois J, Claessens AL, Janssens M, Renterghem BV, Loos R, Thomis M, Pilippaerts R, Lefevre J, Verijens J. Anthropometric characteristics of elite male junior rowers, British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2001; 34: 213-211.

Bridge CA, Santos VGF, Chaabene H, Pieter W, Franchini E. Physical and Physiological Profiles of Taekwondo Athletes. Sports Medicine, 2014; 44(6): 113-133.

Callan SD, Brunner DM, Devolve KL, Mulligan SE, Hesson J, Wilber RL, Kennedy JT. Physiological profiles of elite freestyle wrestlers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2000; 14: 162-169.

Chaabene H, Hachana Y, Franchini E, Mkaouer B, Chamari K. Physical and physiological profile of elite karate athletes. Sports Medicine, 2012; 42: 829-43.

Coppin E, Heath EM, Bressel E. Wingate anaerobic test reference values for male power athletes. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 2012; 1(3): 232-236.

Gao B, Zhao Q, Liu B. Measurement and evaluation on body composition and figure of taekwondo athlete. Journal of Xi’an Institute of physical Education, 1998; 15: 29-33.

Gao B. Research on the somatotype features of Chinese elite male taekwondo athletes. Sport Science, 2001; 21: 58-61.

Heller J, Peric T, Dlouha R, Kohlikova E, Melichna J, Novakova H. Physiological profiles of male and female taekwondo (ITF) black. Journal of Sports Sciences, 1998; 16: 243-249.

Jagiełło W, Kalina R. Properties of motor develop¬ment in young judokas. Journal of Human Kinetics, 2007; (17): 113–20.

Kazemi M, Waalen j, Morgan C. Profile of Olympic Taekwondo Competitors. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2006; CSSI 14(3): 114-121.

Markovic G, Misigoj DM, Trninic S. Fitness profile of elite Croatian female taekwondo athletes. Collegium Antropologicum, 2005; 29: 93-99.

Melhim A. Aerobic and anaerobic power respons¬es to the practice of Taekwondo. British Journal of Sport Medicine, 2001; 35(4): 231–34.

Newton RU, Kraemer WJ, Hakkinen K. Effects of ballistic training on preseason preparation of elite volleyball players. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 1999; 31(2): 323-30.

Pieter W. Talent Detection in Taekwondo Practitioners. Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 2010; 19(3): 9–29.

Sadowski J, Gierczuk D, Miller J. Success factors in elite WTF taekwondo competitors. Archives of Budo Science of Martial Arts and Extreme Sports, 2012; 2(3): 141-146.

Santos VGF, Franchini E, Lima-Silva AE. Relationship between attack and skipping in Taekwondo contests. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2011; 25(6): 1743-1751.

Taaffe D, Pieter W. Physical and physiological characteristics of elite taekwondo athletes. In: Commonwealth and International Conference Proceedings, Sport Science, Auckland, New Zealand, 1990; 3: 80–88.

Tan B, Aziz AR, Chuan TK. Correlations between physiological parameters and performance in elite ten-pin bowlers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2000; 3: 176-185.

Toskovic N, Blessing D, Williford H. Physiologic profile of recreational male and female novice and experienced tae kwon do practitioners. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 2004; 44: 164–72.

Wąsik J. Structure of movement of a turning tech¬nique used in the event of special techniques in Taekwon-do ITF. Archives of Budo Science of Martial Arts and Extreme Sports, 2009; 5: 111–15.

Yoon J. Physiological profiles of elite senior wrestlers. Sports Medicine, 2002; 32: 225-33.

Zar A, Gilani A, Ebrahim KH, Gorbani MH. A survey of the physical fitness of the male taekwondo athletes of the Iranian national team. Facta Universitatis. Physical Education and Sport, 2008; 6(1): 21-29.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.